Lesson 2 – Is God Responsible for Sin and Death

Who is Satan? Many believe he’s merely a mythical figure, but if the Bible is true than Satan is very real and that he is determined to deceive you and destroy your life. Indeed, this brilliant but cruel mastermind is so much more than what you have been told. He’s entrapping individuals, families, churches, and even entire nations to increase sorrow and pain in this world.  And oftentimes the blame for sin and death is placed upon the Father.

  1. With whom did sin originate? 

    “The devil sinneth from the beginning.” (1 John 3:8).
    “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” (Revelation 12:9)

Answer:   Satan, who is also called the devil, is the originator of sin. Without the Bible, the origin of evil would remain unexplained.

  1. What was Satan’s name before he sinned? Where was he living? 

    “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!” (Isaiah 14:12).
    “And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.” (Luke 10:18)
    “Thou [art] the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee [so]: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.” (Ezekiel 28:14).

Answer:   Satan’s name was Lucifer, and he was living in heaven. Lucifer is also symbolized by the “king of Babylon” in Isaiah 14:4, 12 and as the “prince of Tyre” in Ezekiel 28.

  1. What was Lucifer’s origin? How does the Bible describe him?

Thou wast created” (Ezekiel 28:15).
“Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty….every precious stone [was] thy covering… the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. …Thou [wast] perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.” (Ezekiel 28:12, 13, 15).
Thou [art] the anointed cherub that covereth; …thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.” (Ezekiel 28:14)

Answer:   Lucifer was created by God, as were all the other angels (Ephesians 3:9). Lucifer was a “covering” cherub, or angel. One covering angel stands on the left side of God’s throne and another on the right (Psalm 99:1). Lucifer was one of these highly exalted angels and was a leader. Lucifer’s beauty was flawless and breathtaking. His wisdom was perfect. His brightness was awe-inspiring. Ezekiel 28:13 seems to indicate that he was specially created to be an outstanding musician. Some scholars believe he led the angelic choir.

  1. What happened in Lucifer’s life that led him to sin? What sin did he commit?

Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness:(Ezekiel 28:17)
“For thou hast said in thine heart: … ‘I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; … I will be like the Most High’ ” (Isaiah 14:13, 14).

Answer:   Pride, jealousy, and discontent arose in Lucifer’s heart. He soon began to desire to unseat God and to demand that everyone worship him instead.

Note:   Why is worship such an important thing? It is the key factor in the ongoing conflict between God and Satan. People were created to be happy and fulfilled when we worship only God. Not even the angels of heaven are to be worshiped we are told. (Revelation 22:8, 9). Satan selfishly sought this worship due only to God. Centuries later, when he tempted Jesus in the wilderness, worship was still his central desire and a key test to overcoming. (Matthew 4:8–11). Now, in these last days, as God calls upon all people to worship Him (Revelation 14:6, 7), this so infuriates Satan that he will try to force people to worship himself or else be killed (Revelation 13:15). Everybody worships someone or something: power, prestige, food, pleasure, possessions, etc. But God says, “You shall have no other gods before Me” (Exodus 20:3). Like Lucifer, we have a choice about whom we worship. If we choose to worship anyone or anything other than the Creator, He will honor our choice, but we will be counted against Him (Matthew 12:30). If anything or anyone other than God receives first place in our lives, we will end up following in Satan’s footsteps. Does God have first place in your life—or are you serving Satan? It is a sobering question, isn’t it?

  1. What happened in heaven as a consequence of Lucifer’s sin?

“And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.  And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” (Revelation 12:7-9).

Answer:   Lucifer deceived a third of the angels (Revelation 12:3, 4) and caused a rebellion in heaven. God had no choice but to cast out Lucifer and the other fallen angels, because Lucifer’s aim was to usurp God’s throne even if it meant murder (John 8:44). After his expulsion from heaven, Lucifer was called Satan, meaning “adversary,” and the devil, meaning “slanderer.” The angels who followed Satan were called demons.

  1. Where is Satan’s present headquarters? How does he feel about people?

“The Lord said to Satan, ‘From whence comest thou?’ And Satan answered the Lord and said, ‘From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down in it’ ” (Job 2:2).
“Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but  a short time” (Revelation 12:12).
“Your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour” (1 Peter 5:8).

Answer:   Contrary to widespread belief, Satan’s headquarters is the earth, not hell. God gave Adam and Eve dominion over the earth (Genesis 1:26). When they sinned, they lost this dominion to Satan (Romans 6:16), who then became ruler, or prince, of the earth (John 12:31). Satan despises humans, who were created in God’s image. Since he can’t harm God directly, he directs his anger against God’s children on the earth. He’s a hateful murderer whose aim is to destroy you and, thus, hurt God.

  1. When God created Adam and Eve, what did He ask them not to do? What did He say would be the result of disobedience?

“But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat of it , for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die” (Genesis 2:17).

Answer:   Adam and Eve were told not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The penalty for eating the fruit from this tree was to be death.

Note:   Remember that God created Adam and Eve with His own hands and placed them in a beautiful garden where they could enjoy eating from every kind of tree (Genesis 2:7–9)—except just one. It was God’s gracious way of giving them a fair choice. Some say it was unfair, but there were several other trees in the garden to choose from and God said they could eat from any and all of them.  The tree was a symbol of their free choice letting them know that they were not robots who were forced to worship God.

By trusting God and not eating of the forbidden tree, they would live forever in paradise. By choosing to listen to Satan, they chose to run away from the Source of all life—God—and, naturally, experienced death.

  1. How did Satan deceive Eve? What lies did he tell her?

“Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, ‘Yea hath God  said, “Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?” ’ … And the serpent said unto the woman, ‘Ye shall not surely die. For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof  than your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil’ ” (Genesis 3:1, 4, 5,).

Answer:   Satan used a serpent—one of the wisest and most beautiful animals God had made—to deceive Eve. Some scholars believe the serpent originally had wings and flew (Isaiah 14:29; 30:6). Remember, it did not crawl until God cursed it (Genesis 3:14). Satan’s lies were: (1) you won’t die, and (2) eating the fruit will make you wise. Satan, who invented lying (John 8:44), mixed truth with the lies he told Eve. Lies that include some truth are the most effective deceptions. It was true they would “know evil” after sinning. In love, God had withheld from them the knowledge of evil, which includes heartache, grief, suffering, pain, and death. Satan made the knowledge of evil appear attractive, telling lies to misrepresent God’s character because he knows that people will be more likely to turn away from a loving God if they misunderstand His character.

  1. Why was eating a piece of fruit such a bad thing that Adam and Eve were removed from the garden?

“Therefore to him that knoweth to do good and doeth not , to him it is sin” (James 4:17).
“Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.(1 John 3:4)
“And the Lord God said, ‘Behold, the man is become as one of Us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever: So he drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life” (Genesis 3:22, 24).

Answer:   Eating the forbidden fruit was a sin because it was a rejection of one of God’s few requirements. It was open rebellion against God’s law and His authority. By rejecting God’s command, Adam and Eve chose to follow Satan and, therefore, brought separation between themselves and God (Isaiah 59:2). Dominion of this world as Adam’s Kingdom was also transferred from Adam to Satan.  Satan likely hoped the couple would continue eating from the tree of life after their sin, and thus become immortal sinners, but God removed them from the garden to prevent this.

  1. What does the Bible reveal about Satan’s methods to hurt, deceive, discourage, and destroy people?

Answer:   The Bible reveals that Satan uses every conceivable approach to deceive and destroy people. His demons can pose as righteous people.  He can pose as your dead relatives, he could even present himself as Jesus, mother Mary and others.  But you have been warned, so don’t fall for it. When Jesus comes, every eye will see Him (Revelation 1:7). He will remain in the clouds and will not touch the earth (1 Thessalonians 4:17).

The Bible Says Satan:
Deceives / persecutes (Revelation 12:9, 13) Quotes/misquotes Bible (Matthew 4:5, 6)
Falsely accuses / murders (Revelation 12:10; John 8:44) Traps / devours (2 Timothy 2:26; 1 Peter 5:8)
Makes war against God’s people (Revelation 12:17) Binds / prompts betrayal (Luke 13:16; John 13:2, 21)
Imprisons (Revelation 2:10) Possesses / hinders (Luke 22:3-5; 1 Thessalonians 2:18)
Works miracles / lies (Revelation 16:13, 14; John 8:44) Appears as angel of light (2 Corinthians 11:13-15)
Brings disease / afflicts (Job 2:7) Has demons who impersonate pastors (2 Corinthians 11:13-15)
Slanders (“Devil” means “slanderer”) Calls fire from heaven (Revelation 13:13)


  1. How effective are Satan’s temptations and strategies?

Satan convinced: one third of the angels (Revelation 12:3–9); Adam and Eve (Genesis 3); all but eight people in Noah’s day (1 Peter 3:20). Almost the entire world follows him instead of Jesus (Revelation 13:3). Many will be forever lost because of his lies (Matthew 7:14; 22:14).

Answer:    Satan’s success rate is so astoundingly high that it is almost unbelievable. He deceived a third of God’s angels. In Noah’s day, all but eight people on the earth were deceived. Before Jesus comes the second time, He will have deceived the whole world. (Rev 12:9) His deceptive power will be so great that our only safety will be in refusing to go see him (Matthew 24:23–26). If you refuse to listen to him, Jesus will protect you from Satan’s deceptions (John 10:29).

  1. When and where will the devil receive his punishment? What will that punishment be?

“So shalt it be in the end of the world. The Son of Man shall send fourth his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity. And shall cast them into the furnace of fire.” (Matthew 13:40–42).
“The devil, that deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone” (Revelation 20:10).
“Depart from Me, ye cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels” (Matthew 25:41).
“I bring forth a fire from the  midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be anymore” (Ezekiel 28:18, 19).

At the end of the world, Satan will be thrown into the lake of fire, which will turn him into ashes and end his existence.

Answer:   The devil will be cast into sin-destroying fire on this very earth at the end of the world. God will deal with the devil for his sin, for tempting others to sin, and for hurting and destroying the people God loves.

Note:   It is not possible to adequately describe the anguish God will feel when Satan, His own creation, is cast into this fire. How painful this will be not only for those cast into the fire, but for the One who created them in love to begin with. 

  1. What finally settles the horrible problem of sin? Will it ever rise up again?

“As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to Me, and every tongue shall confess to God” (Romans 14:11; see also Philippians 2:10, 11; Isaiah 45:23).
“Affliction shall not rise up a second time” (Nahum 1:9).

Answer:   Two crucial happenings will settle the sin problem:

First, all beings in heaven and earth, including the devil and his demons, will of their own free choice kneel before God and openly confess that He is truthful, fair, and righteous. No questions will remain unanswered. All sinners will admit that they are lost because of their refusal to accept God’s love and salvation. They will all confess that they deserve eternal death.

Second, sin will be purged from the universe by the permanent destruction of all those who choose it: the devil, the demons, and people who have followed them. God’s Word is clear on this point; sin will never again arise to harm His creation or His people.

Jesus made the destruction of sin possible by taking it upon himself on the cross.  For those who refuse his sacrifice and pardon of their sins, and choose to hold onto the sins he has paid for.  They will in the end take the penalty upon themselves.  ( 1 Cor 6:19, 20, Rom 6:23)

  1. Who makes the final, complete eradication of sin from the universe a certainty?

“For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8).
“Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil” (Hebrews 2:14).

Answer:   Through His life, death, and resurrection, Jesus made the eradication of sin a certainty.

  1. How does God really feel about people?

“For the Father Himself loves you” (John 16:27; see also John 3:16; 17:22, 23).

Answer:   God the Father loves people as much as Jesus does. Jesus’ key aim in life was to demonstrate His Father’s character so that people would know how loving, warm, and caring the Father really is (John 5:19).

Satan Misrepresents the Father

Satan misrepresents God as unfeeling, aloof, exacting, stern, and unapproachable. The devil even labels his own ugly, calamitous violence as “acts of God.” Jesus came to wipe off this slander from His Father’s name and to demonstrate that the heavenly Father loves us even more than a mother loves her child (Isaiah 49:15). Jesus’ favorite theme was God’s patience, tenderness, and abundant mercy.

The Father Can Hardly Wait

For the sole purpose of making you happy, our heavenly Father has prepared a fabulous eternal home for you. Your wildest dreams here on earth are no match for what He has waiting for you! He can hardly wait to welcome you. Let’s get the word out! And let’s be ready, because it won’t be long now!

  1. Do you feel it is good news that God the Father loves you as much as Jesus does?



  1. Was the fruit that Adam and Eve ate an apple?

Answer: We do not know. The Bible does not say.

2.God said to Adam and Eve, “In the day that you eat of it you shall surely die” (Genesis 2:17). Why didn’t they die that day?

Answer: The literal rendition of the word “die” in Genesis 2:17 is “dying you will die,” which is noted in the margin of most Bibles. It means that Adam and Eve would enter into the process of dying. Before sinning, the couple possessed an undying, sinless nature. This nature was perpetuated by eating of the tree of life. At the moment of sin, their natures changed to dying, sinful natures. This is what God told them would happen. Because they were barred from the tree of life, decay and deterioration—leading ultimately to death—began immediately. The grave became a certainty for them. The Lord stressed this later when He said to them, “For dust you are, and to dust you shall return” (Genesis 3:19).

     3. But since He created Lucifer, isn’t God really responsible for his sin?

Answer: Not at all. God created Lucifer a perfect, sinless angel. Lucifer made a devil of himself. Freedom to choose is a cornerstone principle of God’s government. God knew Lucifer would sin when He created him. If at that point God had refused to create Lucifer, He would have been repudiating one of His own characteristics of love; that is, the freedom to choose.  He also made a covenant with his son before creating beings with the choice to sin so that should sin ever enter the universe, a way was made that God’s Son would pay the price of salvation for all who chose to return to the Father.  (Zech 6:13, 14)

The Father is life himself and therefore it is an impossibility for the Father to die.  (2 Tim 1:17)  Therefore only Christ, God’s only begotten son could pay the price in order to eradicate sin.  The Father and Son understood this before creating Lucifer or any other being in the universe.  And Lucifer’s choice to continue in sin is only due to pride built up in himself, and furthermore a true lack of beholding the love of God and his plan to save him and any other who should choose to live in a universe eternally free from sin.

Freedom of Choice Is God’s Way

Knowing full well what Lucifer would do, God still created him. He did the same for Adam and Eve—and for you! God knew before you were born how you would live, but even so, He permits you to live so you can choose Him or the devil. God is willing to be misunderstood and falsely accused while taking time to allow every person to freely choose whom he or she will follow.

Only a Loving God Would Risk Granting Full Freedom for All

This glorious and crucial gift of freedom could come only from a just, transparent, and loving God. It is an honor and a joy to serve such a Creator, Lord, and Friend!

Choose to Serve God

The sin problem will soon end. In the beginning, everything was “very good” (Genesis 1:31). Now “the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one” (1 John 5:19). People everywhere are choosing to serve God or Satan. Please use your God-given freedom to choose to serve the Lord!

  1. Why didn’t God destroy Lucifer when he sinned and therefore end the problem immediately?

Answer: Because sin was something completely new in God’s creation and its inhabitants did not understand it. It’s likely that even Lucifer did not fully comprehend it at first. Lucifer was a brilliant, highly respected angelic leader. His approach might have been as one greatly concerned for heaven and the angels. His message might have gone like this: “Heaven is good, but it would be improved with more angel input. Too much unchallenged authority, as the Father has, tends to blind leaders to real life. God knows my suggestions are correct, but He is feeling threatened. We must not permit our leader, who is out of touch, to jeopardize our happiness and place in heaven. God will listen if we move in unison. We must act. Otherwise, we will all be ruined by a government that doesn’t appreciate us.”

One Third of the Angels Joined Lucifer (Revelation 12:3, 4)

Lucifer’s arguments convinced many angels, and a third joined him in rebellion. If God had destroyed Lucifer immediately, some angelic beings who did not fully understand God’s character might have begun to obey God through fear rather than love, saying, “Could Lucifer have been right after all? We’ll never know now. Be careful. If you even question God about His government, He might kill you.” Nothing would have been settled in the minds of God’s created beings if He had destroyed Lucifer immediately.

God Desires Only Loving, Voluntary Service

The only service God desires is cheerful, voluntary service prompted by genuine love. He knows that obedience motivated by anything else, such as fear, is ineffective and will eventually lead to sin.

God Is Giving Satan Time to Demonstrate His Principles

Satan claims he has a better plan for the universe. God is giving him time to demonstrate his principles. The Lord will abolish sin only after every soul in the universe is convinced of the truth—that Satan’s government is unfair, hateful, ruthless, lying, and destructive.

The Universe Is Watching This World

The Bible says, “We have been made a spectacle [some margins say “theater”] unto the world, and to angels and to men” (1 Corinthians 4:9). The entire universe is watching as we each play a part in the controversy between Christ and Satan. As the controversy ends, every soul will fully understand the principles of both kingdoms and will have chosen to follow either Christ or Satan. Those who have chosen to ally with Satan will be destroyed with him for the safety of the universe, and God’s people will finally be able to enjoy the eternal safety of their home in paradise.


  1. With whom did sin originate? (1)

_____   Michael.
_____   Lucifer.
_____   Gabriel.

  1. Where was Lucifer living when he first sinned? (1)

_____   On the earth.
_____   In heaven.
_____   On the North Star.

  1. Check the items that once described Lucifer: (6)

_____   Created angel.
_____   Full of wisdom.
_____   Rode a heavenly white horse.
_____   Perfect in his ways.
_____   Keeper of heaven’s gate.
_____   Outstanding musician.
_____   Perfect in beauty.
_____   Covering cherub.

  1. Mark the items that tell the truth about Lucifer’s rebellion: (5)

_____   He was cast out of heaven.
_____   He repented and stayed in heaven.
_____   He hid inside a palace.
_____   His name became Satan.
_____   He was the first sinner.
_____   Jesus saw him being cast out.
_____   One-third of the angels fell with him.

  1. What did Lucifer want? (2)

_____   To be worshiped.
_____   To unseat God and take His place.
_____   To fly across the entire universe.

  1. Check the items that are true about the devil, Satan: (4)

_____   He is red with horns and hooves.
_____   His home is in hell.
_____   He loves people.
_____   He can appear as a heavenly angel.
_____   He cannot work miracles.
_____   He’s a liar and a murderer.
_____   He can call down fire from heaven.
_____   Most people will follow him and be lost.

  1. Which of the items below are true about the fall of Adam and Eve? (3)

_____   Satan was disguised as an angel.
_____   Satan called God a liar.
_____   We know Satan gave them apples.
_____   Satan came to Adam first.
_____   Satan hoped they would become immortal sinners.
_____   In tempting them, Satan mixed lies and truth.

  1. What is true about Satan’s final punishment? (4)

_____   He will be thrown into the fire.
_____   His angels will escape.
_____   The fire will be in heaven.
_____   Satan and his angels will admit they were wrong.
_____   Sinners will be cast into the lake of fire.
_____   Satan will confess God’s justice.

  1. Why didn’t God kill Lucifer when he sinned? (4)

_____   Angels might misunderstand.
_____   Some might be afraid of God.
_____   Lucifer was too strong for God.
_____   The good angels would not let Him.
_____   Time was needed to demonstrate Lucifer’s plan.
_____   Time was needed to vindicate God’s plan.

  1. What one thing will finally vindicate God’s government? (1)

_____   God will work some miracles.
_____   Every soul in the universe will kneel, confessing God’s love and justice.
_____   The angels of heaven will ask everyone to serve God.

  1. What facts below are true about sin? (5)

_____   Jesus has made sin’s destruction certain.
_____   Sin is breaking God’s law.
_____   Sin separates us from God.
_____   Sin is easy to overcome.
_____   Satan invented the sin of lying.
_____   Once destroyed, sin will not rise up again.

  1. Which items below are true? (5)

_____   Satan attributes his traits to God.
_____   God loves us more than our parents do.
_____   So-called “acts of God” are often acts of Satan.
_____   Jesus’ life revealed God’s character.
_____   God the Father is stern.
_____   Most people misunderstand God.

  1. I am pleased to know the Father loves me as much as Jesus does.

_____   Yes.
_____   No.